From 1940 until 1973, during both peacetime and periods of
conflict, men were drafted to fill vacancies in the United States Armed
Forces that could not be filled through voluntary means.
US Conscription, the draft, has been employed by the federal
government of the United States in five conflicts: American Revolution,
the American Civil War, World War I, World War II, and the Cold War,
Korean War and the Vietnam War. All male-at-birth citizens between the
ages of 18 and 25 are required to register so that a draft can be
readily resumed if needed.
The draft came to an end when the United States Armed Forces
moved to an all-volunteer military force. However, the Selective Service
System remains in place as a contingency plan.
United States Federal Law provides for the compulsory
conscription of men between the ages of 17 and 45 and certain women for
militia service pursuant to Article I, Section 8 of the United States
Constitution and 10 U.S. Code ß 246
366 plastic capsules, each with one date of the year, were
selected. A second lottery was also conducted for the 26 letters of the
alphabet to determine the order of priority (by last name) for each
date. The highest draft number drawn was 195
The Entire Vietnam War Casualty Profiles Legend: KIA = Killed in
Action; WIA = Wounded in Action; MIA = Missing in Action; CIA = Captured
Thousands of couples ended up in shotgun marriages to avoid
serving. Failing to register could mean ineligibility to hold a
government job, the inability to apply for student loans. It is
punishable by a $250,000 fine and five years imprisonment
Vietnam was under Chinese rule for roughly a thousand years
until 938 AD. Vietnam was a French colony from the mid-19th century
until its expulsion in 1954. The US Congress never declared war against
Vietnam. Vietnam was a conflict not a war.
The U.S. didnít lose the war but withdrew before they likely
lost. The Vietnam war lasted 20 years, it is the longest war in the
entire U.S history. Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and
Philippines stayed free of communism.