From 1940 until
1973, during both peacetime and periods of conflict, men were
drafted to fill vacancies in the United States Armed Forces that
could not be filled through voluntary means.
US Conscription, the draft, has been employed by the
federal government of the United States in five conflicts: American Revolution, the American Civil War, World War I, World
War II, and the Cold War, Korean War and the Vietnam War. All male-at-birth
citizens between the ages of 18 and 25 are required to register
so that a draft can be readily resumed if needed. The draft came to
an end when the United States Armed Forces moved to an
all-volunteer military force. However, the Selective Service
System remains in place as a contingency plan. United States Federal Law
provides for the compulsory conscription of men between the
ages of 17 and 45 and certain women for militia service pursuant
to Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution and 10
U.S. Code ß 246. 366 plastic capsules, each with one
date of the year, were selected. A second lottery was also
conducted for the 26 letters of the alphabet to determine the
order of priority (by last name) for each date. The
highest draft number drawn was 195.
The Entire Vietnam War
Casualty Profiles Legend: KIA = Killed in Action;
WIA = Wounded in Action; MIA = Missing in Action;
CIA = Captured in Action Thousands of couples ended up in
shotgun marriages to avoid serving. Failing to
register could mean ineligibility to hold a government job, the
inability to apply for student loans. It is punishable by
a $250,000 fine and five years imprisonment. Vietnam was under
Chinese rule for roughly a thousand years until 938 AD.
Vietnam was a French colony from the mid-19th century until its
expulsion in 1954. The US Congress never declared war
against Vietnam. Vietnam was a conflict not a war. The
U.S. didnít lose the war but withdrew before they likely lost.
The Vietnam war lasted 20 years, it is the
longest war in the entire U.S history. Indonesia, Singapore,
Thailand, Malaysia and Philippines stayed free of communism.